Process Instance Modification

Enterprise Feature

Please note that this feature is only included in the enterprise edition of Camunda 7, it is not available in the community edition.

Check the Camunda enterprise homepage for more information or get your free trial version.

In the detail view, you can modify the process instance’s execution state. A modification can be one or multiple of the following operations:

  • Starting execution before an activity
  • Starting execution after an activity on its single outgoing sequence flow
  • Canceling an activity instance or all instances of an activity

Perform a Modification

A modification consists of multiple instructions, which are displayed in the modification tab at the bottom half of the screen (1). To add an instruction to the modification, hover over an activity of the process instance diagram. Using the modification button (2), you can select the operation to be performed with this activity. In the top-left corner of the activity, a modification badge will appear, indicating how many new instances of this activity will be created and how many activity instances will be canceled when applying this modification (3). This number represents the directly created/canceled instances only. Instances created during the modification (e.g., by service tasks) are not counted.

The option to cancel an activity or activity instance is only available if there are running instances of this activity.

You can also drag an instance badge (4) from one activity to another to create a “move token” operation which is represented by start and cancel operations.

When executing a modification, the instructions are applied in the specified order. You can change the order of instructions by using the up- and down-arrows on the left (5). You can also remove an instruction from the modification (6).

In the modification tab you can then configure the specification of the instruction depending on its type:

Cancel Running Activity Instances

When canceling activity instances you can select the instances of the activity you want to cancel. You can select them by their instance ID using the Select Instances button on the right. To better distinguish between activity instances, you can also show variables assigned to this instance using the button.

When canceling all instances of an activity using the button, all instances which exist at the moment this instruction is executed will be canceled. This will also cancel instances which were created in the same modification (e.g., using a startBefore instruction before the cancel instruction). In most cases, you probably want to explicitly state the instances to cancel.

Start New Activity Instances

When starting a new activity instance, you have the option to start before or start after the activity. Using startBefore, the activity will be executed. StartAfter is only possible if there is only one sequence flow going out of the activity. In both cases you have the option to create new variables which are created or updated with the creation of the activity. Starting an activity instantiates all parent scopes (e.g., embedded sub process that contains the activity) that are not instantiated yet before the actual activity is executed.

Additionally, you can specify the ancestor of the new activity instance if it is created in an embedded sub-process or as part of a multi-instance scenario. For every ancestor, the variables are displayed. When an activity is instantiated with a specific ancestor activity instance, all scopes between the ancestor’s activity and the target activity are instantiated.

When starting activities with a multi-instance flag, there is the option to either start a new multi-instance body of the activity (which executes the entire multi-instance construct and therefore creates the number of child activities specified in the multi-instance configuration for this task) or a new single instance of the activity in an already existing multi-instance body.

Review Modification Instructions

At any point during the creation of the modification, you can show the payload of the modification by clicking the button. This will show the request payload that will be sent via the REST API.

To perform the modification, you have to click on Apply modifications. Then you have a last chance to review the changes you are about to make and also review the request payload. You have an option to execute an Asynchronous modification and to add an annotation which will be added to the user operation log. After confirming the change, the modification is executed and the page is updated with the new execution state of the process instance.

Semantics of Process Instance Modification

The exact semantics of process instance modification as well as the underlying REST and Java API can be read about in the Process Instance Modification section of the user guide.

Perform a Batch Modification

When multiple process instances are required to be modified the batch modification feature can be used. To perform batch modifications, you need to click on the Modify tab in the process definition view.

The batch modification operation is handled similarly to the modification of a single process instance.

However, to get to the Apply Modifications modal, first click Select Instances. This opens another modal which allows you to select the process instances the modification should be applied to.

Initially, all instances are displayed. You can use the filter bar above the list of instances to filter the displayed instances. You can select specific instances or click on the Query radio button to select all instances matching the filter.


Selecting all instances might create a high load on the database and application runtime/server if the query has a high number of results.

When you have made your selection click on Modify Selected Instances. This leads you to the Apply Modification modal.

Here you have two additional options to select - Asynchronous and Only Cancel Currently Active Activity Instances. By default both options are checked.

It is recommended to keep Asynchronous ticked when you want to process a large number of instances. Otherwise, unchecking the box allows you to process the batch in a synchronous manner.

The second option, Only Cancel Currently Active Activity Instances, only concerns modification operations which contain cancel instructions. This option prevents activity instances which are newly created during the modification operation to be instantly canceled by the same operation again.

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