Spring Transaction Integration

Transaction Integration by Example

The following explains the SpringTransactionIntegrationTest of the core codebase step by step. Below is the Spring configuration file that we use in this example (you can find it in SpringTransactionIntegrationTest-context.xml). The section shown below contains the dataSource, transactionManager, processEngine and the process engine services.

When passing the DataSource to the SpringProcessEngineConfiguration (using property “dataSource”), the Camunda engine uses a org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.TransactionAwareDataSourceProxy internally, which wraps the passed DataSource. This is done to make sure the SQL connections retrieved from the DataSource and the Spring transactions play well together. This implies that it’s no longer needed to proxy the dataSource yourself in Spring configuration, although it’s still allowed to pass a TransactionAwareDataSourceProxy into the SpringProcessEngineConfiguration. In this case no additional wrapping will occur.

Make sure when declaring a TransactionAwareDataSourceProxy in Spring configuration yourself, that you don’t use it for resources that are already aware of Spring-transactions (e.g., DataSourceTransactionManager and JPATransactionManager need the un-proxied dataSource).

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-2.5.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd">

  <bean id="dataSource" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.SimpleDriverDataSource">
    <property name="driverClass" value="org.h2.Driver" />
    <property name="url" value="jdbc:h2:mem:camunda;DB_CLOSE_DELAY=1000" />
    <property name="username" value="sa" />
    <property name="password" value="" />

  <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
    <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />

  <bean id="processEngineConfiguration" class="org.camunda.bpm.engine.spring.SpringProcessEngineConfiguration">
    <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    <property name="transactionManager" ref="transactionManager" />
    <property name="databaseSchemaUpdate" value="true" />
    <property name="jobExecutorActivate" value="false" />

  <bean id="processEngine" class="org.camunda.bpm.engine.spring.ProcessEngineFactoryBean">
    <property name="processEngineConfiguration" ref="processEngineConfiguration" />

  <bean id="repositoryService" factory-bean="processEngine" factory-method="getRepositoryService" />
  <bean id="runtimeService" factory-bean="processEngine" factory-method="getRuntimeService" />
  <bean id="taskService" factory-bean="processEngine" factory-method="getTaskService" />
  <bean id="historyService" factory-bean="processEngine" factory-method="getHistoryService" />
  <bean id="managementService" factory-bean="processEngine" factory-method="getManagementService" />


The processEngineConfiguration attributes transactionManager and dataSource must be configured consistently, i.e. the transactionManager bean must actually manage the data source. If that is not the case, the process engine will use auto-commit mode for the data source connection, potentially leading to inconsistencies in the database.

The remainder of that Spring configuration file contains the beans and configuration that we’ll use in this particular example:

  <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager"/>

  <bean id="userBean" class="org.camunda.bpm.engine.spring.test.UserBean">
    <property name="runtimeService" ref="runtimeService" />

  <bean id="printer" class="org.camunda.bpm.engine.spring.test.Printer" />


First, the application context is created with any of the Spring ways to do that. In this example you could use a classpath XML resource to configure our Spring application context:

ClassPathXmlApplicationContext applicationContext =
    new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("mytest/SpringTransactionIntegrationTest-context.xml");

or, since it is a test:


Then we can get the service beans and invoke methods on them. The ProcessEngineFactoryBean will have added an extra interceptor to the services that applies Propagation.REQUIRED transaction semantics on the engine service methods. So, for example, we can use the repositoryService to deploy a process like this:

RepositoryService repositoryService = (RepositoryService) applicationContext.getBean("repositoryService");
String deploymentId = repositoryService

The other way around also works. In this case, the Spring transaction will be around the userBean.hello() method and the engine service method invocation will join that same transaction.

UserBean userBean = (UserBean) applicationContext.getBean("userBean");

The UserBean looks like this. Remember from above in the Spring bean configuration we injected the repositoryService into the userBean.

public class UserBean {

  // injected by Spring
  private RuntimeService runtimeService;

  public void hello() {
    // here you can do transactional stuff in your domain model
    // and it will be combined in the same transaction as
    // the startProcessInstanceByKey to the RuntimeService

  public void setRuntimeService(RuntimeService runtimeService) {
    this.runtimeService = runtimeService;

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